We hear a lot about project manager position or about project management job. And it says, it is the act of management for a certain project where the project manager is responsible for the step and phases that the project is taking.
Not to mention that this project manager should have enough knowledge and meet management requirements to handle the project.
In addition, as any other management positions, the manager should have minimum qualifications, and should have the strategies to accomplish the job.
However project manager is responsible for the project and all its requirements like human resources, materials, administrative and physical work and any other duty might affect the project along the time period to finish the project whether days, months or years.
Based on that, I decided to elaborate more about this topic and responsibilities.
Project management is a carefully planned and organized effort to accomplish a specific (and usually) one-time objective, for example, construct a building or implement a major new computer system. Project management includes developing a project plan, which includes defining and confirming the project goals and objectives, identifying tasks and how goals will be achieved, quantifying the resources needed, and determining budgets and timelines for completion. It also includes managing the implementation of the project plan, along with operating regular 'controls' to ensure that there is accurate and objective information on 'performance' relative to the plan, and the mechanisms to implement recovery actions where necessary. Projects usually follow major phases or stages (with various titles for these), including feasibility, definition, project planning, implementation, evaluation and support/maintenance.
Being said so, we can tell that the above responsibilities are controlled and planned by the project manager who is responsible on the performance for the whole project.
For more elaboration, a project manager manages a team of people in order to get a project completed. Project managers work in every industry and are held accountable for the outcome of projects. The main duties of a project manager are planning, organizing, managing, controlling and following through on all parts of a project.
Project managers start with the objective or purpose to be achieved in a particular project. Then, determined on available resources such people, equipment and budget, they plan how the project will be achieved step-by-step. Project managers usually ask for ideas and suggestions from the employees who report to them.
A project manager must organize the project by deciding who will complete each step and by when. In larger organizations, the project manager may appoint team leaders to handle different project areas. These team leaders supervise a group of workers and report directly to the project manager.
The ability to delegate tasks and accomplish objectives through other people is a necessary project management skill. A project manager has to be able to successfully control how the project is executed so that the end result is successful. Schedules and tracking must flow. Project managers have to be prepared to step in and make needed changes if a problem or delay occurs. They have to have trouble-shooting or problem-solving abilities because it's their responsibility to keep the project on track or to get it back on track when things go wrong.
For example, if the objective of a project is to film a television commercial for a client's product and the actor scheduled to act in the commercial has to cancel at the last minute, it would be the project manager's duty to make the decision whether to replace the actor or reschedule the filming. Project managers are expected to be professional and thoughtful as well as have good decision-making skills. A project manager also has to be prepared to step in and work in any capacity needed so that the project turns out well.
Following through in all project areas, whether there are team leaders or not, is absolutely crucial for the project manager's success. If he or she neglects to follow up in even one part of the project, it may mean that the objective isn't reached and the project didn't go as planned. The success or the failure of a project is ultimately the responsibility of the project manager.
Based on the above, we can conclude that whatever it was the title or position of the manager or leader, he or she should be managerially qualified, and has the ability to perform properly the management’s responsibilities and role, to achieve accordingly the goal of the company through the department (s) effort.